Up From Slavery: An Autobiography:
Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)
Text scanned (OCR) by Don Sechler
Text encoded by Natalia Smith
First edition, 1997.
University Library, UNC-Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,
This work is the property of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.
Call number E185.97 .W315 (Rare Book Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
Up From Slavery: An Autobiography
Booker T. Washington
Garden City, New York
Doubleday & Company, Inc.
The electronic edition is a part of the UNC-Chapel Hill digitization project, Documenting the American South.
Any hyphens occurring in line breaks have been removed, and the trailing part of a word has been joined to the preceding line.
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Spell-check and verification made against printed text using Author/Editor (SoftQuad) and Microsoft Word spell checkers.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
LC Subject Headings:
- African Americans — Biography.
- Educators — United States — Biography.
- Tuskegee Institute.
- Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915.
Natalia Smith, project editor,
finished TEI-conformant encoding and final proofing.
finished scanning (OCR) and proofing.
UP FROM SLAVERY AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY
BOOKER T. WASHINGTON Author of "The Future of the American Negro."
GARDEN CITY, NEW YORK
DOUBLEDAY & COMPANY, INC.
COPYRIGHT 1900, 1901 BY
BOOKER T. WASHINGTON
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES
THE COUNTRY LIFE PRESS, GARDEN CITY, N.Y.
This volume is dedicated to my Wife
MARGARET JAMES WASHINGTON
And to my Brother
JOHN H. WASHINGTON
Whose patience, fidelity and hard work have gone far
to make the work at Tuskegee successful
THIS volume is the outgrowth of a series of articles, dealing with incidents in my life, which were published consecutively in the Outlook. While they were appearing in that magazine I was constantly surprised at the number of requests which came to me from all parts of the country, asking that the articles be permanently preserved in book form. I am most grateful to the Outlook for permission to gratify these requests.
I have tried to tell a simple, straightforward story, with no attempt at embellishment. My regret is that what I have attempted to do has been done so imperfectly. The greater part of my time and strength is required for the executive work connected with the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, and in securing the money necessary for the support of the institution. Much of what I have said has been written on board trains, or at hotels or railroad stations while I have been waiting
for trains, or during the moments that I could spare from my work while at Tuskegee. Without the painstaking and generous assistance of Mr. Max Bennett Thrasher I could not have succeeded in any satisfactory degree.
- I. A Slave Among Slaves . . . . 1
- II. Boyhood Days . . . . 23
- III. The Struggle for an Education . . . . 42
- IV. Helping Others . . . . 63
- V. The Reconstruction Period . . . . 80
- VI. Black Race and Red Race . . . . 92
- VII. Early Days at Tuskegee . . . . 106
- VIII. Teaching School in a Stable and a Hen-House . . . . 118
- IX. Anxious Days and Sleepless Nights . . . . 133
- X. A Harder Task Than Making Bricks Without Straw . . . . 148
- XI. Making Their Beds Before They Could Lie on Them . . . . 163
- XII. Raising Money . . . . 177
- XIII. Two Thousand Miles for a Five-Minute Speech . . . . 196
- XIV. The Atlanta Exposition Address . . . . 217
- XV. The Secret of Success in Public Speaking . . . . 238
- XVI. Europe . . . . 267
- XVII. Last Words . . . . 293