That You May Be Informed
This e-mail is one man’s response to your article at
1. Black soldiers, both slave and free, DID serve the Confederate States of America in large numbers, both in combat and support roles. (Any Army officer can tell you of the large numbers of support troops that are required for each combat soldier.) More information may be had from the book Black Confederates by Charles Kelly Barrow (
2. The War was not fought over slavery. It was fought because Abraham Lincoln ordered the United States Army to invade, and the United States Navy to blockade, the States that had peacefully seceded. That invasion/blockade was triggered by the States’ secession. That secession was triggered by the election of 1860 and the Republicans’ promise of even higher tariffs to further tax the already-heavily-taxed Southern States. (Read more at
If the seceded States had seceded because they were afraid of losing their slaves, they had only to re-join and ratify the Corwin Amendment, which would have forever forbidden the Federal government to interfere with slavery where it existed. (Read more at
3. Slavery was not the unremitting cruelty so many modern people believe it to have been. Between 1936 and 1938, the Federal government employed out-of-work writers and researchers to interview former slaves and reduce their accounts to writing. These accounts are called the Slave Narratives,and contain the recollections of some 2300 persons. Excerpts may be had at
4. Secession is a true principle. Were it not, the Eastern seaboard with the exception of Florida would be part of the British Commonwealth and Texas would be part of Mexico, which would still be part of the Spanish Empire.  The Eastern seaboard with the exception of Florida seceded from the British as of 4 July 1776; Mexico seceded from Spain 6 November 1818; and Texas seceded from Mexico 2 March 1836. The only significant difference between these secessions and the secessions of 1860 and 1861 is that the subsequent wars were won by the secessionists of 1776, 1818, and 1836.
Clifton Palmer McLendon