The South Did Not "Go to War"
The very title of David Barton’s latest anti-Southern screed, Confronting Civil War Revisionism: Why the South Went To War, betrays the fundamental fallacy of the Yankee empire’s argument for the rectitude of their holy war against the Southern people in 1861-1865.
The fallacy: confusing the reasons for secession with the reason for the war.
Innumerable books have been written on the subject of why the Southern states seceded — what led them to conclude that the reasons for which they had entered into the Union of States had been defeated and that their best interests lay in separation and independence from that union.  Cultural, philosophical, and religious differences, political and economic concerns (tariffs, etc.), and of course the institution of slavery were some of the issues of the day.  Worth noting is that several states did not secede until after "Abraham Lincoln… had proclaimed to the world that war should be waged against any such States until they should be compelled to submit to

[the Northern party’s] rule, and that large forces to accomplish this [had] been called out… to carry out this inhuman design."  (From the Arkansas Ordinance of Secession May 6, A.D. 1861)
But these are the reasons why the South seceded, not the reasons why the South went to war.  In fact, the South did not "go to war" at all — the Yankees brought the war to the South.  The South fought only when and only because the Northern empire first carried fire and sword to the South to kill and subjugate the Southern people.
The reasons for secession may have been varied and complex.  The reason the South fought is not.  So the next time some empire-worshipping Yankee like David Barton starts yapping about "the causes of the Civil War", please disabuse him of the delusion that slavery, etc. was — or even could have been — the cause of the war.  The cause of the war was very simply that, after the Southern states seceded, the U.S. government was unwilling that the South should be free.  For that reason the United States Army invaded the South, burned and plundered its cities and countryside, and raped and murdered and finally subjugated its people.
Patrick Tyndall
Simpsonville, South Carolina