Sir Moses Jacob Ezekiel


My article on Sir Moses Jacob Ezekiel, Southerner-Confederate, has been published at Please send a letter of thanks to these folks at

Ezekiel’s birthday is this Saturday and you can send a dixie card by going to: My article was posted here as well as My letter follows. Thanks!
Calvin E. Johnson, Jr.,
Chattahoochee Guards 1639
Mableton, Georgia

Opinion-Editorial: Monday’ Guest Editorial Column

Ezekiel was an American hero

Calvin E. Johnson, Jr.

Please share the following story with your family in tribute to Hispanic History Month – September through October 2006.

Do your children know who Moses Jacob Ezekiel was?

Moses J. Ezekiel was born in Richmond, Va., on Oct. 28, 1844. He was one of 14 children born to Jacob and Catherine De Castro Ezekiel.

His grandparents came to America from Holland in 1808 and were of Jewish-Spanish Heritage.

At the age of 16, and the beginning of the War Between the States, Moses begged his father and mother to allow him to enroll at Virginia Military Institute.

Three years after his enrollment at (VMI) the cadets of the school marched to the aid of Confederate General John C. Breckinridge. Moses Ezekiel joined his fellow cadets in a charge against the Union lines at the "Battle of New Market."

When the War Between the States ended, Moses went back to Virginia Military Institute to finish his studies where he graduated in 1866.

According to his letters, which are now preserved by the American Jewish Historical Society, Ezekiel met with Robert E. Lee during this time.

Lee encouraged him by saying, "I hope you will be an artist … do earn a reputation in whatever profession you undertake.

The world famous Arlington National Cemetery is located in Virginia and overlooks the Potomac River.

At section 16 of the cemetery is a beautiful Confederate Monument that towers over the graves of 450 Southern soldiers, wives and civilians. These words are inscribed on the memorial:

"Not for fame or reward, not for place or for rank, Not lured by ambition, or goaded with necessity, But in simple obedience to duty, as they understood it, These men sacrificed all, dared all … and died."

The United Daughters of the Confederacy entered into a contract with Moses J. Ezekiel to build this Confederate Monument at Arlington National Cemetery.

It is written that he based his work on the words of Prophet Isaiah, "And they shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks."

This confederate Memorial towers 32 and 1/2 feet and is said to be the tallest bronze sculpture at Arlington National Cemetery.

On top is a figure of a woman, with olive leaves covering her head, representing the South. She also holds a laurel wreath in her left hand, remembering the Sons of Dixie. On the side of the monument is also a depiction of a Black Confederate marching in step with white soldiers.

Ezekiel was not able to come to the dedication of the monument held on June 4, 1914, with President Woodrow Wilson presiding. Many Union and Confederate soldiers were in attendance among the crowd of thousands.

Moses Jacob Ezekiel studied to be an artist in Italy. As a tribute to his great works, he was knighted by Emperor William I of Germany and King’s Humbert I and Victor Emmanuel, II of Italy — thus the title of "Sir."

Among the works of Sir Moses J. Ezekiel are: "Christ Bound for the Cross," "The Martyr," "David Singing his song of Glory" and "Moses Receiving the Law on Mount Sinai."

Upon his death in 1917, Moses Ezekiel left behind his request to be buried with his Confederates at Arlington. A burial ceremony was conducted on March 31, 1921, at the amphitheater at Arlington National Cemetery. It was presided over by the U.S. Secretary of War John W. Weeks.

He was laid to rest at the foot of the memorial that he had sculpted. Six VMI cadets flanked his casket that was covered with an American flag.

"The death of Moses Ezekiel, the distinguished and greatly loved American, who lived in Rome for more than 40 years, caused universal regret here." — 1921, The New York Times Dispatch from Rome, Italy.

The following is inscribed on his grave marker:

"Moses J. Ezekiel
Sergeant of Company C
Battalion of Cadets of the
Virginia Military Institute.

Lest we forget our American heroes.

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