Re: " Public offered rare view of freedom’s birth "

From: colonel@37thtexas.org
To: pgrondahl@timesunion.com

You neglected to mention that the Emancipation Proclamation factually and intentionally failed to free a single person held in slavery anywhere.

As a matter of fact, it specifically left all slaves in bondage in Union slave states, in counties, cities and towns in the South occupied by the Union and the entire Confederate state of Tennessee. The 48 western counties of Virginia were admitted to the Union as the slave state of West Virginia.

"The Great Proclamation" (1960), Commager, Henry Steele; "Mr. Lincoln’s Proclamation" (1964), Donovan, Frank; "The Emancipation Proclamation (1964), Franklin, John Hope, ed.

THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION:

Whereas on the 22nd day of September, A.D. 1862, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit:

"That on the 1st day of January, A.D. 1863, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free…

Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana (except the parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension, Assumption, Terrebone, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the city of New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkeley, Accomac, Northhampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Anne, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth), and which excepted parts are for the present left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued."

Incidentally, when the Emancipation Proclamation was issued approximately 260,000 Union soldiers immediately deserted. The words of one New York Union soldier were typical:

"I can not say I like it

[Emancipation Proclamation] for you know I don’t like Negroes any better than you do, yet I go in for any thing to weaken the enemy. I am willing to fight for any means to restore and preserve the Union and Constitution. As it was but for the sake of freeing Negroes never." – A. W. Osgood, Company "G" 23 rd NY Vols, Letter written from Ruffins Camp, Belle Plain, Va., March 11th, 1863

Of course, you also did not include President-Elect Lincoln’s original effort to deal with the slavery issue by protecting it forever with the Corwin Amendment:

"Article Thirteen: No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State." – Submitted to the Senate by Corwin and supported by President-Elect Lincoln as the proposed 13th Amendment to the Constitution as voted on by that body on February 28th, 1861. The Senate voted 39 to 5 to approve this section passed by the House 133-65 on March 2, 1861. Two State legislatures ratified it: Ohio on May 13, 1861; and followed by Maryland on January 10, 1862. Illinois bungled its ratification by holding a convention.

Evidence tht Lincoln supported the Corwin Amendment – certainly:

"Oct 27, 2006 12:40 pm US/Central

145-Year-Old Lost Lincoln Letter Discovered

Sent Before Civil War, Letter Said Amendment Should Be Ratified To Prevent Ban On Slavery

(CBS) RALEIGH, N.C. Researchers have made an amazing discovery in North Carolina.

They found a 145-year-old lost letter written by Abraham Lincoln, showing that before he pushed to abolish slavery, he sent letters to each state governor seeking to prevent slavery from being outlawed.

The letter was discovered in the Illinois state archives, and it is one of five such letters known to exist. It is now on display in Raleigh, N.C.

Lincoln wrote to the governors of each state before the Civil War, encouraging them to ratify a proposed 13th amendment to the constitution, proposed by Rep. Thomas Corwin of Ohio, which would have guaranteed and protected slavery in states where it was already permitted.

But the Civil War prevented the states from making the amendment valid."

Then again, in December, 1862, in his State of the Union Lincoln offered the South gradual compensated emancipation with slavery not ceasing to exist until 1900. The South was not interested since slavery was not the issue.

History is an amazing and fascinating field. Too bad so few "historians" know very much about it.

"The first law of the historian is that he shall never dare utter an untruth. The second is that he shall suppress nothing that is true. Moreover, there shall be no suspicion of partiality in his writing, or of malice." – Cicero (106-43 B.C.)

We simply ask that all act upon the facts of history. We invite your questions.

Your Obedient Servant,

Colonel Michael Kelley, CSA
Commanding, 37th Texas Cavalry (Terrell’s)
http://www.37thtexas.org
"We are a band of brothers!"

". . . . political correctness has replaced witch trials and communist hearings as the preferred way to torment our fellow countrymen." "Ghost Riders," Sharyn McCrumb, 2004, Signet, pp. 9

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