Re: "Hight: All men being equal just didn’t work for Texas"

From: colonel@37thtexas.org
To: bhight@statesman.com

While slavery was one of several primary causes of Southern secession it was not THE issue over which secession occurred nor was it the cause over which either side fought the war. History is an interesting topic when you look beyond only those records which support what you already believe:

"The South has furnished near three-fourths of the entire exports of the country. Last year she furnished seventy-two percent of the whole…we have a tariff that protects our manufacturers from thirty to fifty persent, and enables us to consume large quantities of Southern cotton, and to compete in our whole home market with the skilled labor of Europe. This operates to compel the South to pay an indirect bounty to our skilled labor, of millions annually." – Daily Chicago Times, December 10, 1860

"They (the South) know that it is their import trade that draws from the people’s pockets sixty or seventy millions of dollars per annum, in the shape of duties, to be expended mainly in the North, and in the protection and encouragement of Northern interest…. These are the reasons why these people do not wish the South to secede from the Union. They (the North) are enraged at the prospect of being despoiled of the rich feast upon which they have so long fed and fattened, and which they were just getting ready to enjoy with still greater gout and gusto. They are as mad as hornets because the prize slips them just as they are ready to grasp it." ~ New Orleans Daily Crescent, January 21, 1861

"…the Union must obtain full victory as essential to preserve the economy of the country. Concessions to the South would lead to a new nation founded on slavery expansion which would destroy the U.S. Economy." – Pamphlet No 14. "The Preservation of the Union A National Economic Necessity," The Loyal Publication Society, printed in New York, May 1863, by Wm. C. Bryant & Co. Printers.

"What were the causes of the Southern independence movement in 1860? . . . Northern commercial and manufacturing interests had forced through Congress taxes that oppressed Southern planters and made Northern manufacturers rich . . . the South paid about three-quarters of all federal taxes, most of which were spent in the North." – Charles Adams, "For Good and Evil. The impact of taxes on the course of civilization," 1993, Madison Books, Lanham, USA, pp. 325-327

By 1860, through high export tariffs on Southern raw goods and high import duties on European finished goods the Southern states were paying 60%-70% of the Federal budget with only 10% being reinvested in the South. The majority of the Federal budget was being spent to develop the infrastructure (ports, harbors, roads, bridges, canals and railroads) necessary to support growing Northern industrialism.

The Southern states had an opportunity, after secession, to participate in ratifying a Constitutional Amendment which would would have forever protected slavery as it then existed:

"Article Thirteen: No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State." – Submitted to the Senate by Corwin and supported by President-Elect Lincoln as the proposed 13th Amendment to the Constitution as voted on by that body on February 28th, 1861. The Senate voted 39 to 5 to approve this section passed by the House 133-65 on March 2, 1861. Two State legislatures ratified it: Ohio on May 13, 1861; and followed by Maryland on January 10, 1862. Illinois bungled its ratification by holding a convention.

The Confederate States could have returned to the Union, voted to ratify the Amendment and could have "won" if they had actually seceded to preserve slavery. The fact that they did not casts doubt on your assertion than slavery was "the" issue.

Proof that Lincoln supported and lobbied for the permanent Constitutional preservation of slavery? Of course:

"(CBS) RALEIGH, N.C. Researchers have made an amazing discovery in North Carolina.

They found a 145-year-old lost letter written by Abraham Lincoln, showing that before he pushed to abolish slavery, he sent letters to each state governor seeking to prevent slavery from being outlawed.

The letter was discovered in the Illinois state archives, and it is one of five such letters known to exist. It is now on display in Raleigh, N.C.

Lincoln wrote to the governors of each state before the Civil War, encouraging them to ratify a proposed 13th amendment to the constitution, proposed by Rep. Thomas Corwin of Ohio, which would have guaranteed and protected slavery in states where it was already permitted.

But the Civil War prevented the states from making the amendment valid.

Later, Lincoln pushed to end slavery in every state, and the change to the Constitution that did become the 13th Amendment abolished slavery in all legal institutions.

Rep. Corwin’s proposed 13th amendment became called ‘The Ghost Amendment,’ and in 1963, a group of Texas lawmakers tried unsuccessfully to ratify it. A movement is now underway for Congress to officially retract the proposal."

Texas lawmakers tried to ratify it only to bring it to public attention. Search for widespread news coverage about efforts to retract the proposal – hard to find because if there is an effort to retract it Congress will have to acknowledge that Abraham Lincoln ("The Great Emancipator") and the United States of America (with their so-called "Noble Cause") tried to preserve slavery forever.

This was not Lincoln’s only incident of support for the preservation of slavery or the Confederacy’s only opportunity to return to the Union with slavery intact. On March 7, 1862, Lincoln sent a message to Congress proposing gradual, compensated emancipation to those states who would accept it. Later, in December, 1862, he modified the proposal in his State of the Union Message and specified that under his plan slavery would not end completely in the United States until 1900.

Again, the Confederate States did not accept this offer because slavery was not the primary issue for either side.

Which was a police state – the Union or the Confederacy? Consider the following:

"Among the unconstitutional and dictatorial acts performed by Lincoln were initiating and conducting a war by decree for months without the consent or advice of Congress; declaring martial law; confiscating private property; suspending habeas corpus; conscripting the railroads and censoring telegraph lines; imprisoning as many as 30,000 Northern citizens without trial; deporting a member of Congress, Clement L. Vallandigham of Ohio, after Vallandigham – a fierce opponent of the Morrill tariff — protested imposition of an income tax at a Democratic Party meeting in Ohio; and shutting down hundreds of Northern newspapers." – "Constitutional Problems under Lincoln," James G. Randall, 1951, Urbana: University of Illinois Press

What has happened to history and the country was ably predicted with uncanny accuracy by Irish-born Confederate Major General Patrick Cleburne from his January, 1864, letter which proposed the mass emancipation and enlistment of Black Southerners into the Confederate Army:

"Every man should endeavor to understand the meaning of subjugation before it is too late…It means the history of this heroic struggle will be written by the enemy; that our youth will be trained by Northern schoolteachers; will learn from Northern school books their version of the war; will be impressed by the influences of history and education to regard our gallant dead as traitors, and our maimed veterans as fit objects for derision…The conqueror’s policy is to divide the conquered into factions and stir up animosity among them…It is said slavery is all we are fighting for, and if we give it up we give up all. Even if this were true, which we deny, slavery is not all our enemies are fighting for. It is merely the pretense to establish sectional superiority and a more centralized form of government, and to deprive us of our rights and liberties."

The two Armies differed from what you may believe.

The Union Army was strictly segregated with Blacks allowed only as servants until 1863 when Blacks were allowed to enlist and then drafted (in some cases kidnapped and tortured until they "volunteered") to serve at lower pay as "cannon fodder:"

"…As usual with the enemy, they posted their negro regiments on their left and in front, where they were slain by hundreds, and upon retiring left their dead and wounded negroes uncared for, carrying off only the whites, which accounts for the fact that upon the first part of the battle-field nearly all the dead found were negroes." – Federal Official Records, Vol. XXXV, Chapter XLVII, pg. 341 – Report of Lieutenant M. B. Grant, C. S. Engineers, Savannah, April 27, 1864 – Battle of Ocean Pond (Olustee), FL

The Confederate Army was unsegregated and included 13,000 Indians (one a Brigadier General), 6500 Hispanics (nine of them Colonels), 3500 Jews (including the Confederate Secretary of State), tens of thousands of immigrants, Filipinos from Louisiana descended from those brought there by the Spaniards, two Amerasian sons of Chang and Eng (the first "Siamese Twins") and an unknown but considerable number of Black Confederate combat soldiers some of who were regularly enlisted.

"Almost fifty years before the (Civil) War, the South was already enlisting and utilizing Black manpower, including Black commissioned officers, for the defense of their respective states. Therefore, the fact that Free and slave Black Southerners served and fought for their states in the Confederacy cannot be considered an unusual instance, rather continuation of an established practice with verifiable historical precedence." – "The African-American Soldier: From Crispus Attucks to Colin Powell" by Lt. Col

[Ret.] Michael Lee Lanning, Birch Lane Press (June 1997)

"Robert (Uncle Bob) Wilson, Negro veteran of the Confederate army who observed his 112th birthday last January 13, died early yesterday morning in the veterans’ hospital at the Elgin State hospital…He enlisted as a private in Company H of the 16th regiment of Virginia Infantry on Oct. 9, 1862 and discharged May 31, 1863." – Elgin (Illinois) Daily Courier-News, Monday, April 12, 1948

You should take the opportunity to read and learn. History is not about "belief," folk legend or creating false heroes it is about fact and fact alone.

Through painstaking research and thorough, uncommented documentation we celebrate the courage, sacrifice, and heritage of ALL Southerners who had to make agonizing personal choices under impossible circumstances.

"The first law of the historian is that he shall never dare utter an untruth. The second is that he shall suppress nothing that is true. Moreover, there shall be no suspicion of partiality in his writing, or of malice." – Cicero (106-43 B.C.)

We simply ask that all act upon the facts of history. We invite your questions.

Your Obedient Servant,

Colonel Michael Kelley, CSA
Commanding, 37th Texas Cavalry (Terrell’s)
http://www.37thtexas.org
"We are a band of brothers!"

". . . . political correctness has replaced witch trials and communist hearings as the preferred way to torment our fellow countrymen." "Ghost Riders," Sharyn McCrumb, 2004, Signet, pp. 9

"I came here as a friend…let us stand together. Although we differ in color, we should not differ in sentiment." – LT Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA, Memphis Daily Avalanche, July 6, 1875

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